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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 79-86

Effect of exogenous progesterone on cumulus characteristics of buffalo oocytes by allowing passage of more number of sperm through cumulus but not essentially fertilization

1 Nodal Officer, Chief District Veterinary Office, Kadambeda, Bhadrak, 756100, Odisha, India
2 Institute of Microbial Technology, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Chandigarh, India
3 BSL-4, National Institute of Virology, Sus Road, Pashan, Pune - 411021, India
4 Goat Breeding Farm, AT/PO-Salapada, District-Keonjhar, Pin code-758020, State-Odisha, India
5 Directorate of Medical Research, IMS and SUM Hospital, Siksha’O’ Anusandhan University, K8, Kalinga Nagar, Bhubaneswar-751003, Odisha, India
6 Animal Biotechnology Centre, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal 132001, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Madhusmita Panda
Chief District Veterinary Office, Kadambeda, Bhadrak, 756100, Odisha
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2305-0500.228017

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Objective: To understand the level of progesterone (P4) in different quality of buffalo cumulus oocyte complexes (COCs) and further to evaluate the effect of exogenous P4 supplementation on maturation and subsequent developmental ability of poor quality brilliant cresyl blue (BCB- ) COCs. Methods: Progesterone secreted by different quality of buffalo oocytes was estimated by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and the concentration differences were translated into P4 doses to be incorporated in the maturation medium of BCB-ve COCs followed by expression analysis of genes involved in the cumulus expansion, extracellular matrix disintegration and progesterone receptor signalling. In addition, the study also evaluated the effect of exogenous P4 on sperm-cumulus interaction. Results: More than 10-fold up- regulated expression of progesterone receptor in P4 supplemented oocytes signified that P4 might be acting predominantly through this receptor. Also, exogenous P4 supplementation had significant effect on transcatheter arterial chemoembolization protease regulated by P4- progesterone receptor pathway which in turn had an important role in extracellular matrix disintegration. On the contrary, cumulus expansion genes HAS2, TNFAIP6, AREG were not altered upon P4 supplementation. Also, it was observed that P4 addition did facilitate passage of significantly more number of spermatozoa through P4 treated cumulus cells. Further, incorporation of different doses of P4 did not improve significantly the cleavage and blastocyst rates of BCB-ve COCs. Conclusions: Different qualities of buffalo COCs secrete substantially diverse levels of P4, and its supplementation has a role in oocyte maturation via modulation of cumulus characteristics but perhaps not fertilization.

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