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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 221-225

An online infertility clinical decision support system


MSc in Biomedical Engineering, Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Perú, Perú

Correspondence Address:
Fabio Diniz de Souza
MSc in Biomedical Engineering, Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Perú
Perú
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2305-0500.215933

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Objective: To explore some possibilities of computer applications in medicine, and to discuss an online infertility clinical decision support system. Methods: Retrospective data were obtained from 52 couples, and then entered into the online tool. Both its results and the initial diagnoses obtained by the treating physicians were compared with the final diagnoses established by laparoscopy and other diagnostic tests (semen analysis, hormone analysis, endometrial biopsy, ultrasound and hysteroscopy). The initial hypothesis of the research was that the online tool's output was statistically associated with the final diagnoses. In order to verify that hypothesis, a chi-square (χ2) test with Yates' correction for continuity (P<0.05) was performed to verify if the online tool's and the doctor's diagnoses were statistically associated with the final diagnoses. Results: Four etiological factors were present in more than 50% of the couples (ovarian, tubal-peritoneal, uterine, and endometriosis). The statistical results confirmed the research hypothesis for eight out of the nine etiological factors (ovarian, tubal-peritoneal, uterine, cervical, male, vaginal, psychosomatic, and endometriosis; P<0.05). Since there were no cases related to the immune factor in the sample, further clinical data are necessary in order to assess the online tool's performance for that factor. Conclusions: The online tool tends to present more false-positives than false-negatives, whereas the expert physician tends to present more false-negatives than false-positives. Therefore, the online tool and the doctor seem to complement each other. Finally, the obtained results suggest that the infertility online tool discussed herein might be a useful research and instructional tool.


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